The island of simplicity and hospitality
Kythnos is a Cycladic island between Kea and Serifos. It is 3 hours from the port of Piraeus and just 1 hour and 40 minutes from the port of Lavrion. It administratively belongs to the South Aegean region and since the 12th century it is also known as “Therma”. This name is due to the hot springs that exist up to today in the bay of Loutra. The baths of Kythnos were enjoyed by King Othon and Queen Amalia (1837-1862). Kythnos has an area of 99.3 square kilometers, a population of 1310 (according to the 2009 census) and a coastline of about 104 kilometers, with 92 coves, coves and beaches, most of which are accessible by road. There are two mainland villages on the island, Chora or Mesaria and Dryopida or Sullaka. There are also three main seaside settlements: Merichas-the main port-, the Baths with thermal springs and Panagia Kanala with the church of the same name. Kythnos has daily connections with Piraeus and Lavrion port.
The Church of Panagia Kanala
The church of Panagia Kanala is located in the southeastern part of the island and is one of the most important places of pilgrimage in the Cyclades, as the icon of Panagia (Virgin Mary) there it is considered to be miraculous.
According to tradition, the icon of Panagia was found by the fishermen in the narrow-canal – between Kythnos and Serifos. That is why it was named Panagia Kanala (Virgin Mary of the canal). The icon is an excellent work of the Cretan School and it is hosted today in the above mentioned church built in 1869.
Every August 15th, there is a big religious festival there which includes the procession of the icon and a reenactment of how it was found.
Kythnos or Thermia
Kythnos in the modern times took its second name, “Thermia” due to its hot springs, which are located in the picturesque bay of Loutra, on the northeastern side of the island.
Loutra (baths), which have been a tourist attraction in recent years, host the unique thermal springs of the Cyclades. There are two hot springs. The first is the one of Agioi Anargyroi and it is saline. It is located within a hydrotherapy facility (bath spa) that has been operating for many years attracting a large number of visitors. The second which is called the spring of Kakavos, is 50 meters away from the first one, containing iodine, bromide and sodium chloride while its temperature reaches 52 degrees Celsius. It has been scientifically proven that the waters of the springs are indicated for the treatment of rheumatic, arthritic and gynecological diseases. The Loutra Spa was once visited by King Otto and his wife Amalia.
Kythnos has beautiful beaches that form scenic coves, coves with crystal clear waters and natural shade that make up the salt mines. The most famous beach on the island is Kolona. Visit it and you will be impressed by how a sand strip separates the sea in the middle forming two sandy beaches on the same shore so spectacularly.
Katafyki Cave is one of the most important and most impressive sights of the island, which uniquely combines the natural and the anthropogenic elements. It is located in the center of the island, at the southern end of the traditional village of Dryopida, at Fyres. It is an underground area, at an altitude of 190 meters from the sea level and consists of a large natural cave and artificial arches of mines. The visitor can get there easily, through the picturesque streets of Dryopida.